Easter Jesus

Old Testament Prophecies of Jesus

As Easter approaches, I wanted to revisit the old testament prophecies of Jesus that we began back in December. We regularly hear that the old testament is full of predictions of the coming Messiah, but don't always appreciate just how many there are. That's why I split them into Christmas Jesus and Easter Jesus. There may be some overlap.

One last observation: there are hundreds of these. I put in the ones that I thought I could relate in a short period of time, but I have left out way more than I've put in. Google is your friend.

Christ would come from Galilee

OT - Isaiah 9:1-2 1. Nevertheless, there will be no more gloom for those who were in distress. In the past he humbled the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the future he will honor Galilee of the Gentiles, by the way of the sea, along the Jordan- 2. The people walking in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned.

NT - Matthew 4:12-17 12. When Jesus heard that John had been put in prison, he returned to Galilee. 13. Leaving Nazareth, he went and lived in Capernaum, which was by the lake in the area of Zebulun and Naphtali-- 14. to fulfill what was said through the prophet Isaiah: 15. "Land of Zebulun and land of Naphtali, the way to the sea, along the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles-- 16. the people living in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned." 17. From that time on Jesus began to preach, "Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near."

FYI - Naphtali borders Galilee and was attacked by Tiglath-Pileser III in 732 B.C. 2Kings 15:29 In the time of Pekah king of Israel, Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria came and took Ijon, Abel Beth Maacah, Janoah, Kedesh and Hazor. He took Gilead and Galilee, including all the land of Naphtali, and deported the people to Assyria.

Jesus will destroy Satan's efforts

OT - Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel."

NT - 1 John 3:8 He who does what is sinful is of the devil, because the devil has been sinning from the beginning. The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the devil's work.

NT - Romans 16:20 The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus be with you.

Jesus will reconcile people to God

OT - Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel."

NT - Hebrews 2:14-16 14. Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might destroy him who holds the power of death--that is, the devil-- 15. and free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death. 16. For surely it is not angels he helps, but Abraham's descendants.

Jesus will be sinless

OT - Exodus 12:5 The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats.

NT - Hebrews 9:14 How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God!

NT - 1Peter 1:18-19 18. For you know that it was not with perishable things such as silver or gold that you were redeemed from the empty way of life handed down to you from your forefathers, 19. but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect.

Jesus would be mild mannered

OT - Isaiah 42:2-3 2. He will not shout or cry out, or raise his voice in the streets. 3. A bruised reed he will not break, and a smoldering wick he will not snuff out. In faithfulness he will bring forth justice;

NT - Matthew 11:28-30 28. "Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. 29. Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. 30. For my yoke is easy and my burden is light."

Jesus would use parables

OT - Psalm 78:1-2 1. O my people, hear my teaching; listen to the words of my mouth. 2. I will open my mouth in parables, I will utter hidden things, things from of old-

NT - Matthew 13:34-35 34. Jesus spoke all these things to the crowd in parables; he did not say anything to them without using a parable. 35. So was fulfilled what was spoken through the prophet: "I will open my mouth in parables, I will utter things hidden since the creation of the world."

Despite using parables, many would not understand

OT - Isaiah 6:9-10 9. He said, "Go and tell this people: " 'Be ever hearing, but never understanding; be ever seeing, but never perceiving.' 10. Make the heart of this people calloused; make their ears dull and close their eyes. Otherwise they might see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts, and turn and be healed."

NT - Matthew 13:13-15 13. This is why I speak to them in parables: "Though seeing, they do not see; though hearing, they do not hear or understand. 14. In them is fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah: " 'You will be ever hearing but never understanding; you will be ever seeing but never perceiving. 15. For this people's heart has become calloused; they hardly hear with their ears, and they have closed their eyes. Otherwise they might see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts and turn, and I would heal them.'

John the Baptist foretold

OT - Isaiah 40:3-4 3. A voice of one calling: "In the desert prepare the way for the Lord ; make straight in the wilderness a highway for our God. 4. Every valley shall be raised up, every mountain and hill made low; the rough ground shall become level, the rugged places a plain.

NT - John 1:23 23. John replied in the words of Isaiah the prophet, "I am the voice of one calling in the desert, 'Make straight the way for the Lord.' "

Jesus would appear after the restoration of
Jerusalem, but before it was destroyed again

OT - Daniel 9:25-26 25. "Know and understand this: From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes, there will be seven 'sevens,' and sixty-two 'sevens.' It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench, but in times of trouble. 26. After the sixty-two 'sevens,' the Anointed One will be cut off and will have nothing. The people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end will come like a flood: War will continue until the end, and desolations have been decreed.

Jerusalem and the temple had been restored for some time (516 B.C.) prior to Jesus's coming. The second temple had been a modest structure compared to Solomon's temple. It was Herod the Great (bad guy, baby killer - Matthew 2:16) that refurbished and expanded the temple shortly before Jesus birth. "The people of the ruler who will come" would have been the Romans who destroyed Jerusalem and the temple in 70 A.D.

Jesus ministry is foreshadowed in Isaiah

OT - Isaiah 61:1-2 1. The Spirit of the Sovereign Lord is on me, because the Lord has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim freedom for the captives and release from darkness for the prisoners, 2. to proclaim the year of the Lord 's favor and the day of vengeance of our God, to comfort all who mourn,

NT - Matthew 11:4-6 4. Jesus replied, "Go back and report to John what you hear and see: 5. The blind receive sight, the lame walk, those who have leprosy are cured, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the good news is preached to the poor. 6. Blessed is the man who does not fall away on account of me."

NT - Luke 4:20-21 [Jesus after reading the Isaiah passage above in the synagogue in Nazareth] 20. Then he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant and sat down. The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened on him, 21. and he began by saying to them, "Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing."

NT - John 8:31-32 31. To the Jews who had believed him, Jesus said, "If you hold to my teaching, you are really my disciples. 32. Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free."

Jesus was predicted by Moses

OT - Deuteronomy 18:15 The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own brothers. You must listen to him.

NT - John 5:45-47 [Jesus speaking] 45. "But do not think I will accuse you before the Father. Your accuser is Moses, on whom your hopes are set. 46. If you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me. 47. But since you do not believe what he wrote, how are you going to believe what I say?"

NT - Acts 3:21-22 [Peter speaking] 21. He must remain in heaven until the time comes for God to restore everything, as he promised long ago through his holy prophets. 22. For Moses said, 'The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own people; you must listen to everything he tells you.

Jesus would perform miracles

OT - Isaiah 35:5-6 5. Then will the eyes of the blind be opened and the ears of the deaf unstopped. 6. Then will the lame leap like a deer, and the mute tongue shout for joy. Water will gush forth in the wilderness and streams in the desert.

NT - Matthew 11:2-6 2. When John heard in prison what Christ was doing, he sent his disciples 3. to ask him, "Are you the one who was to come, or should we expect someone else?" 4. Jesus replied, "Go back and report to John what you hear and see: 5. The blind receive sight, the lame walk, those who have leprosy are cured, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the good news is preached to the poor. 6. Blessed is the man who does not fall away on account of me."

Jesus will ride in on a donkey

OT - Zechariah 9:9 9. Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion! Shout, Daughter of Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you, righteous and having salvation, gentle and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey.

NT - Matthew 21:6-10 6. The disciples went and did as Jesus had instructed them. 7. They brought the donkey and the colt, placed their cloaks on them, and Jesus sat on them. 8. A very large crowd spread their cloaks on the road, while others cut branches from the trees and spread them on the road. 9. The crowds that went ahead of him and those that followed shouted, "Hosanna to the Son of David!" "Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!" "Hosanna in the highest!" 10. When Jesus entered Jerusalem, the whole city was stirred and asked, "Who is this?"

Jesus will be betrayed for 30 pieces of silver

OT - Zechariah 11:12-13 12. I told them, "If you think it best, give me my pay; but if not, keep it." So they paid me thirty pieces of silver. 13. And the Lord said to me, "Throw it to the potter"-the handsome price at which they priced me! So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw them into the house of the Lord to the potter.

NT - Matthew 27:6-10 6. The chief priests picked up the coins and said, "It is against the law to put this into the treasury, since it is blood money." 7. So they decided to use the money to buy the potter's field as a burial place for foreigners. 8. That is why it has been called the Field of Blood to this day. 9. Then what was spoken by Jeremiah* the prophet was fulfilled: "They took the thirty silver coins, the price set on him by the people of Israel, 10. and they used them to buy the potter's field, as the Lord commanded me."

*FYI - This is interesting; a misquote by the author of Matthew. There are some similar passages in Jeremiah 19:1-13, Jeremiah 18:2-12, and Jeremiah 32:6-9, but the quote referenced is closer to Zechariah 11:12-13. There is a similar anachronism in Mark 1:2-3, where the author combines two scriptures, Malachi 3:1 and Isaiah 40:3 and attributes Isaiah.

Death and Resurrection

Jesus is the Passover lamb

OT - Exodus 12:21-27 21. Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, "Go at once and select the animals for your families and slaughter the Passover lamb. 22. Take a bunch of hyssop, dip it into the blood in the basin and put some of the blood on the top and on both sides of the doorframe. Not one of you shall go out the door of his house until morning. 23. When the Lord goes through the land to strike down the Egyptians, he will see the blood on the top and sides of the doorframe and will pass over that doorway, and he will not permit the destroyer to enter your houses and strike you down. 24"Obey these instructions as a lasting ordinance for you and your descendants. 25. When you enter the land that the Lord will give you as he promised, observe this ceremony. 26. And when your children ask you, 'What does this ceremony mean to you?' 27. then tell them, 'It is the Passover sacrifice to the Lord , who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt and spared our homes when he struck down the Egyptians.' " Then the people bowed down and worshiped.

NT - 1 Corinthians 5:7 Get rid of the old yeast that you may be a new batch without yeast--as you really are. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.

His bones will not be broken

OT - Exodus 12:46 "It must be eaten inside one house; take none of the meat outside the house. Do not break any of the bones.

NT - John 19:31-36 31. Now it was the day of Preparation, and the next day was to be a special Sabbath. Because the Jews did not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down. 32. The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other. 33. But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 34. Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. 35. The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe. 36. These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: "Not one of his bones will be broken,"

Atonement comes from the blood

OT - Leviticus 17:11 For the life of a creature is in the blood, and I have given it to you to make atonement for yourselves on the altar; it is the blood that makes atonement for one's life.

NT - Matthew 26:28 This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.

Jesus would be forsaken by God

OT - Psalm 22:1 My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, so far from the words of my groaning?

NT - Matthew 27:46 About the ninth hour Jesus cried out in a loud voice, "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?"--which means, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?"

Jesus would be mocked

OT - Psalm 22:7-8 7. All who see me mock me; they hurl insults, shaking their heads: 8. "He trusts in the Lord ; let the Lord rescue him. Let him deliver him, since he delights in him."

NT - Matthew 27:42-43 42. "He saved others," they said, "but he can't save himself! He's the King of Israel! Let him come down now from the cross, and we will believe in him. 43. He trusts in God. Let God rescue him now if he wants him, for he said, 'I am the Son of God.' "

Jesus would be beaten and spat on

Isaiah 50:6 I offered my back to those who beat me, my cheeks to those who pulled out my beard; I did not hide my face from mocking and spitting.

Matthew 26:67-68 67. Then they spit in his face and struck him with their fists. Others slapped him 68. and said, "Prophesy to us, Christ. Who hit you?"

He would be thirsty

OT - Psalm 22:15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth; you lay me in the dust of death.

NT - John 19:28 Later, knowing that all was now completed, and so that the Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, "I am thirsty."

There would be nails

OT - Psalm 22:16 Dogs have surrounded me; a band of evil men has encircled me, they have pierced my hands and my feet.

NT - John 19:36-37 36. These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: "Not one of his bones will be broken," 37. and, as another scripture says, "They will look on the one they have pierced."

They would gamble for his clothes

OT - Psalm 22:18 They divide my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing.

NT - John 19:23-24 23. When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom. 24. "Let's not tear it," they said to one another. "Let's decide by lot who will get it." This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled which said, "They divided my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing." So this is what the soldiers did.

Jesus would commit his spirit

OT - Psalm 31:5 Into your hands I commit my spirit; redeem me, O Lord , the God of truth.

NT - Luke 23:46 Jesus called out with a loud voice, "Father, into your hands I commit my spirit." When he had said this, he breathed his last.

Jesus will be abandoned

OT - Psalm 31:11 Because of all my enemies, I am the utter contempt of my neighbors; I am a dread to my friends- those who see me on the street flee from me.

NT - Mark 14:50 Then everyone deserted him and fled.

Job foreshadows the resurrection

OT - Job 19:25-27 25. I know that my Redeemer lives, and that in the end he will stand upon the earth. 26. And after my skin has been destroyed, yet in my flesh I will see God; 27. I myself will see him with my own eyes-I, and not another. How my heart yearns within me!

NT - Luke 20:37-38 37. But in the account of the bush, even Moses showed that the dead rise, for he calls the Lord 'the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.' 38. He is not the God of the dead, but of the living, for to him all are alive."

David foreshadows the resurrection

OT - Psalm 16:9-11 9. Therefore my heart is glad and my tongue rejoices; my body also will rest secure, 10. because you will not abandon me to the grave, nor will you let your Holy One see decay. 11. You have made known to me the path of life; you will fill me with joy in your presence, with eternal pleasures at your right hand.

NT - Acts 2:29-31 29. "Brothers, I can tell you confidently that the patriarch David died and was buried, and his tomb is here to this day. 30. But he was a prophet and knew that God had promised him on oath that he would place one of his descendants on his throne. 31. Seeing what was ahead, he spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that he was not abandoned to the grave, nor did his body see decay.

Jesus' reign will last forever

OT - Daniel 7:13-14 13. "In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a son of man, coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into his presence. 14. He was given authority, glory and sovereign power; all peoples, nations and men of every language worshiped him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away, and his kingdom is one that will never be destroyed.

NT - Matthew 28:18-20 18. Then Jesus came to them and said, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19. Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20. and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age."